What to do to maximize the tomato harvest: 8 basic rules

Alina MilsentLife
Tomato harvest

Growing tasty and juicy tomatoes is not difficult at all. In the heat, plants can stop growing, so it is important to mulch the soil in advance with a layer of organic matter.

Experienced vegetable gardeners say that the largest yield will come out of hybrid varieties, and micronutrient fertilizers should be applied only foliar. OBOZREVATEL has collected eight basic rules of growing tomatoes, which will help to increase the harvest many times.

What variety to choose

Hybrid varieties have a number of advantages: they have a lower susceptibility to disease and yield more. It is better to choose tomatoes that have already been tested by the local climate of the region and are zoned for your natural zone. For maximum yield per square meter, plant high-growing indeterminate plants - 4 per square meter.

Rules for planting seedlings

It is better to plant tomatoes using the seedling method. But be sure to make sure that the plants do not overgrow by the time they are planted in the open soil. The optimal age of seedlings is 40-60 days. On the seedlings for this period should already appear a flower brush. If the sowing date is incorrect, there is a risk of losing the first tassels, which are the most valuable and largest fruits.

Whether growth stimulants are needed

Biologically active preparations will help to increase the harvest. They have a number of advantages:

  • increase the immunity of tomatoes;
  • form resistance to disease and heat;
  • improve pollination;
  • accelerate ripening;
  • prevent pulling out seedlings.

Features of root feeding

Experienced vegetable gardeners recommend to adhere to an important rule: for two root fertilizers, one should be applied to the leaves. This is necessary for tomatoes to better assimilate nutrients, develop more actively and form more fruit.

If you make fertilizers based on microelements, it is better to do it foliar, because in the soil they will quickly become insoluble and will not bring any benefit.


You can buy specialized preparations to improve pollination, because the more pollen - the better and bigger the tomato will be. A brush with just opened buds can be gently shaken so that the pollen spills out into the center of the flower, where there is an ovary.

Whether to remove old leaves

The point of removing old leaves is to give the stem better ventilation and light. Therefore, when the lower leaves turn yellow, they should be removed. In the heat, tomatoes can stop growing. In this case, mulching will be useful. The beds are mulched with an organic layer, which will save the plant from overheating. You can stretch a shading net over the tomato bed, which can reduce the temperature.

Gartering and grazing rules

Without gartering and pysankovanie bushes can take a horizontal position and get covered with stepchildren. Of course, this will significantly reduce the harvest.

Fighting Phytophthora

Phytophthorosis is a serious disease that can kill all tomatoes in the bed. Processing almost does not help, because strong chemical preparations on fruits are better not to use, and biological means can on the contrary stimulate the growth of the disease.

How to protect the plant from phytophthora:

  • observe crop rotation;
  • choose resistant varieties;
  • comply with the planting scheme;
  • to carry out the step-cropping;
  • remove leaves with the first signs of the disease.

Earlier OBOZREVATEL told, what to feed tomatoes, so that the harvest was early.

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