How to propagate an orchid at home so that it grows quickly
The orchid is a beautiful but very demanding flower. It reacts quickly to the slightest fluctuations in temperature, humidity and light. It should not be left in places where there are draughts or on windowsills that are too sunny.
The plant gives an average of 3 new growths every 2 years with proper care. To know how to multiply orchids at home so it grows quickly, read OBOZREVATEL material.
Specialists distinguish several ways that help multiply orchids. It is important to choose one taking into account the variety and age of the plant.
For sympodial orchids, the method of dividing the bush will be suitable. These plants grow in small groups and form so-called "pseudobulbs". When the orchids become too large and stop blooming, they are divided and transplanted.
- Carefully remove the orchid from the container in which it is growing.
- Free and clean the root system from the substrate.
- Cut the bush into several parts, each of which should have "pseudobulbs" and healthy roots.
- Plant each part in separate containers with new quality substrate.
Monopodial orchids are propagated by cuttings. This variety has a single stem and does not form pseudobulbs. Cuttings are taken from the top of the stem or side shoots.
- Cut off the top of the stem or a side shoot with a few leaves.
- Place the cuttings in water or moist substrate.
- Wait for the plant to put down roots.
- Take a pot with fresh substrate and transplant the cuttings.
Orchids can be propagated with the help of "babies" or keikis. "Babies" are small shoots growing on the stem or pseudobulb (depending on the variety) of the mother orchid. These sprouts have their own leaves and root system, so they can develop into full-fledged plants over time.
- The babies should get stronger and form several roots about 5 cm long.
- Carefully separate the shoot from the mother plant.
- Plant it in a separate container with fresh substrate.
The seed method is called the most difficult and time-consuming. Orchid seeds are very small and do not contain a stock of useful substances necessary for the plant to develop. Thus, they do not germinate. A special symbiotic fungus is needed to nourish the seeds.
Wild varieties of orchids growing in nature can reproduce by seed independently. However, ornamental indoor plants will be difficult to grow. The seed method requires a sterile nutrient medium, constant control of temperature, humidity and lighting.
By the way, plastic containers are the best option for orchids as the plant will have enough light, quality drainage and air.
OBOZREVATEL also reported on what plants can not be put next to the orchid.