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Rada approves mobilization bill in second reading: main provisions of the document

"283 MPs voted in favor of the bill

On April 11, members of the Verkhovna Rada passed the law on mobilization in Ukraine No. 10449 in the second reading by a majority vote. 283 MPs voted in favor.

Now the document must be signed by the Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada and the President of Ukraine. Only then will it come into force.

According to MP Mariia Ionova, Defense Minister Rustem Umerov, Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief Oleksandr Syrskyi, Deputy Commander-in-Chief Vadym Sukharevskyi, and field brigades were present in the session hall during the vote.

Rada approves mobilization bill in second reading: main provisions of the document

"The draft law on mobilization was adopted as a whole. 283 were in favor. As amended by the Committee. All 31 amendments taken into account received votes for confirmation. No intrigue, except for the amendment on demobilization (there are 227). It is not yet known whether someone will introduce a resolution to block the speaker," said MP Yaroslav Zheleznyiak.

He also announced the results of voting for draft law No. 10449 by factions:

– "Servant of the People" – 192 votes,

– "European Solidarity" – 0 votes,

– "Batkivshchyna" – 2 votes,

– "Platform for Life and Peace" – 18 votes,

– "Voice" – 16 votes,

– "Restoration" – 16 votes,

– "For the Future" – 12 votes.

– "Dovira" – 15 votes,

– Non-factional – 12 votes.

In his turn, MP Oleksii Honcharenko said that he did not vote for the law because "it was important to include demobilization, but it was simply thrown out of the bill."

Thus, the amendment on demobilization after 36 months of service and rotation was removed from the document – the authorities are to prepare a new draft law that will regulate this issue.

Rada approves mobilization bill in second reading: main provisions of the document

The main provisions of the new law on mobilization

The Verkhovna Rada Committee on National Security considered more than 4,000 amendments to the draft law submitted by MPs.

The adopted law provides for changes in the mobilization process, punishment for evaders, basic military service, the right to deferment, and introduces new duties of persons liable for military service and motivational norms.

The day before, the relevant committee reviewed all the amendments and published a comparative table of changes from the first reading.

Conscript service has been canceled

The new law abolishes conscription and replaces it with basic military training lasting five months starting September 1, 2025. All discharged conscripts will be transferred to the mobilization resource following the general rules (from the age of 25).

Demobilization

At Syrskyi's request, the provisions on demobilization after 36 months of service and rotation should be regulated in a separate bill.

At the same time, those who surrendered involuntarily and were liberated; military personnel who have been disabled or:

– appointed (elected) to the position of a judge;

– elected as a member of parliament;

– Generals by the decision of the military leadership;

– military personnel whose contracts concluded during martial law have expired.

People with disabilities of all groups also have the right to resign, but by the end of 2024, all men aged 25 to 55 who were diagnosed with disabilities of groups II and III after February 24, 2022, must undergo a second fitness for duty examination. This does not apply to men who received a disability of groups II and III after being ill or injured while defending Ukraine.

Mobilization for military service

People with disabilities can join the army (serve under a contract) at their own request. This also applies to those released from captivity and people under the age of 25 who have completed basic military training or basic military service.

The MPs recommended removing the mandatory registration in the e-cabinet of persons liable for military service, to which, in particular, the military commissariats could send electronic summonses. This remains a right, not an obligation.

At the same time, everyone who is registered for military service must clarify their place of residence, contacts, and other military registration data within 60 days. This can be done through administrative service centers, TCCs, or online in a personal account based on the "Oberig" register of persons liable for military service.

According to the committee's recommendations, local authorities should facilitate mobilization.

Who is eligible for a deferment

According to the adopted law, the following categories are entitled to a postponement of mobilization:

– reservists;

– disabled persons and those unfit for military service according to the conclusion of the military qualification commission for 6-12 months;

– women and men who have three or more children under the age of 18, except for those who are in arrears in the payment of alimony;

– women and men who have a child (children) under the age of 18, if the other parent of such child (children) has died, been deprived of parental rights, declared missing or missing without a trace, declared dead, is serving a sentence in a prison, or if the person is raising and supporting the child on his/her own by a court decision or the record of the father of such child is made based on part one of Article 135 of the Family Code of Ukraine;

– women and men who are guardians, trustees, foster parents, foster parents and are raising a child with a disability under the age of 18;

– women and men who are guardians, trustees, foster parents, foster parents and are raising a child with a serious illness;

– women and men who are dependent on an adult child with a disability of group I or II;

– adoptive parents who depend on a child (children) who, before the adoption, was an orphan or child (children) deprived of parental care under the age of 18, guardians, custodians, foster parents, foster parents, foster caregivers, who are dependent on an orphan child (children) or child (children) deprived of parental care under the age of 18;

– engaged in full-time care for a sick wife (husband), child, and/or their father or mother (father or mother of the wife (husband) who needs full-time care according to the conclusion of a medical and social expert commission and has no other able-bodied family members who are obliged and able to provide such care;

– guardians of a person recognized by a court as incapacitated;

– people who have a spouse from among persons with disabilities of group I or II;

– people who have a spouse from among persons with disabilities of group III established as a result of cancer, absence of limbs (limbs), hands (hands), feet (feet), one of the paired organs, or if a person with a disability of group III has cancer, mental disorder, cerebral palsy or other paralytic syndromes;

– people who have one of their parents with a disability of group I or II, or one of the parents of their spouse with a disability of group I or II, provided that there are no other people who are not liable for military service and are legally obliged to support them;

– women and men who have a child (children) under the age of 18 and a spouse who is performing military service;

– Heads of ministries and their deputies, heads of state bodies, public administration bodies with jurisdiction over the entire territory of Ukraine;

– Members of Parliament of Ukraine, members of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;

– judges, judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, members of the High Council of Justice, members of the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine, the Head of the Service of Disciplinary Inspectors of the High Council of Justice, his/her deputy, disciplinary inspectors of the High Council of Justice;

– the Commissioner for Human Rights, the Chairman, and other members of the Accounting Chamber;

– employees of military administration bodies, military units (subdivisions) of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the State Special Transport Service, the State Service for Special Communications and Information Protection, the Security Service of Ukraine, the SZR, the National Guard, the State Border Guard Service, the State Protection Service, the MIA, the MFA, diplomats, experts of the MIA expert service institutions;

– civil servants who work with draft laws, perform cybersecurity functions, software development, database administration, implementation, and support of the latest information and communication technologies in the bodies that support the activities of the President, Parliament, and the Cabinet of Ministers.

They are also not subject to conscription:

– applicants for vocational (vocational-technical), professional higher, and higher education who are studying full-time or dual form of education and obtaining a level of education higher than the previously obtained one, as well as doctoral students and interns;

– researchers and academic staff;

– women and men whose close relatives (husband, wife, son, daughter, father, mother, or sibling) were killed or went missing during the ATO.

Penalties for evasion

The Rada's specialized committee rejected the seizure of accounts and the ban on traveling abroad by the decision of the military command. Instead, it left in place the provision restricting consular services abroad for persons liable for military service.

Within 60 days of the law's entry into force, all services will be provided only if personal data is updated at consular offices.

Also, at the request of the TCA, men who do not update their data or evade mobilization will be able to restrict their right to drive vehicles.

People who have more than one vehicle may have their other cars confiscated for the needs of the Defense Forces.

There is no talk of deporting Ukrainians from abroad.

Duties of persons liable for military service

According to the adopted law, citizens liable for military service will have to carry their military registration document with them at all times and update their data in an electronic cabinet, ASC, or TCA.

Only those who have completed basic military service or military service (except for those who are unfit) will be able to be hired for civil service. This also applies to the appointment of prosecutors and selection of the police.

Men who are abroad are offered to update their data in the TCA remotely via e-mail, phone call, or electronic cabinet.

Military service

A man mobilized during training is a recruit. During the training, his physical abilities and other characteristics are determined. If a recruit does not pass the training stage, he can be dismissed without additional costs to the state.

The Committee retained the possibility of conscription for convicts released from serving a sentence of probation, except for those convicted of crimes against the national security of Ukraine.

Motivational awards for military service

For destroyed or captured enemy equipment, a reward of UAH 11,680 to UAH 876,000 is provided. It will also be possible to receive additional vacation, but no more than 15 days a year, a certificate for the purchase of a car for UAH 150,000, and compensation for 50% of the first installment of a mortgage loan.

The following provisions were also taken into account:

– the ability to choose a unit in case of signing a contract with the Ministry of Defense;

– the time spent on parental leave is included in the length of service in the military rank;

– annual basic leave is granted in parts during the calendar year, and the main continuous part will be at least 15 calendar days;

– servicemen and their spouses will not be charged interest on loans, penalties, fines for failure to fulfill obligations to banks and other organizations, except for loans for cars and real estate;

– one month of service for three months for being directly in combat areas during martial law will be included in the length of service;

– in case of long-term treatment abroad, it will be possible to undergo a remote medical examination, and the relevant certificate of the medical examination will be the basis for maintaining payments;

– soldiers released from captivity will receive an additional 90 days of leave with pay if they continue to serve;

– the amount of one-time financial assistance in the event of the death of a serviceman is set at UAH 15 million.

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