Pay attention to the weather: when to plant winter onions
Experienced gardeners practice planting some crops for the winter, which will allow them to harvest in late spring. Winter onions generally tolerate frosty winters easily, but you should take into account the planting period.
OBOZREVATEL has collected the best tips for growing winter onions, which will allow you to harvest a generous harvest in May. Read the article to find out when and where to plant onions for the winter.
The main feature of winter onions is their resistance to frost. This hardy crop can withstand temperatures as low as -15°C in snowless weather. If there is snow cover, onions can withstand even lower temperatures. Only a temperature of -20 °C in the absence of snow can damage the crop.
In addition to early ripening, winter onions are characterized by larger fruits (compared to spring onions).
When to plant onions for the winter
Winter onions are planted from mid-October to early November. The moon phases in the sowing calendar are also taken into account.
Winter onions are usually planted about 30-35 days before the onset of stable frosts. If the temperature stays below +5 for several days, you can start planting.
You need to make sure that no sprouts appear or they will freeze. The onions only need to grow roots before the cold weather.
Rules for planting winter onions
It is important to pre-treat the soil, for example, by fertilizing it with manure. You should also follow the rules of crop rotation.
Do not plant winter onions after:
- other onion crops.
The best predecessors are:
- cereals (but not oats);
Where to plant onions
Choose a place protected from drafts and strong winds. The soil should be light and well-drained.
Do not plant winter onions in beds with shade from trees or near tall buildings.
Make sure that moisture does not accumulate in the selected bed as waterlogging will lead to a loss of yield.
How to plant winter onions
There are two ways to plant winter onions:
- By planting bulbs. Select bulbs up to 1 cm in diameter and plant them in the garden. Larger onions can lead to poorer hardiness and faster arrow release.
- By sowing seeds. Immerse the planting material in salted water (it is not recommended to sow seeds that have floated up).
When cold weather sets in, you can protect the plant by mulching. Dry leaves are suitable for this. Do not water the onions after planting.
Earlier, OBOZREVATEL spoke about the three basic rules for planting onions in the fall.