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How to protect your skin in the scorching sun: everything you need to know about a safe summer vacation

Yulia PoteriankoNews
Sunscreens can be made with chemical and physical filters and are suitable for different situations. Source: Created with the help of AI

Today, sunscreens are made on the basis of two types of filters: physical filters with zinc oxide in their composition and chemical filters. And experts express different opinions about which of them should be preferred.

OBOZ.UA asked them for their advice on how to better protect your skin while relaxing in the sun. We will also tell you what is the difference between these products.

Physical and chemical filters: what's the difference?

Chemical filters absorb the sun's ultraviolet rays, which are harmful to the skin, and convert them into heat energy. These products often have a liquid consistency and contain ingredients that are beneficial to the skin. They are well suited for everyday use and are especially convenient for protecting the face as they do not leave an oily sheen or residue.

Physical sunscreen reflects the sun's rays like a shield. All this happens due to the content of titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. They are the main active ingredients in physical blocks. Physical sunscreens provide immediate protection, while chemical sunscreens need time to absorb before going out in the sun.

How to apply sunscreen correctly

For maximum protection, chemical sunscreen should be applied to dry skin 15-30 minutes before going outside. The product needs time to absorb.

Whichever type of filters you choose, the cream should be applied to all parts of the body that will be exposed to the sun. Only the eyes and mouth should be avoided. By the way, keep in mind that ears, feet, and the back of the neck are the areas that are most often avoided when applying sunscreen. Experts advise not to ignore them.

The amount of cream that is enough to effectively protect the entire body is approximately the volume of a glass. On average, sunscreen should be reapplied every two hours when you are outdoors. It is especially important to do this if you are engaged in physical activity and not just relaxing in the shade.

If you plan to swim, choose a water-resistant sunscreen with zinc. Remember to refresh its layer after each dive. And be sure to rinse it off thoroughly when you leave the beach. Water-resistant sunscreens contain dense oils and waxes that repel water, but they can clog skin pores.

SPF and makeup

Many foundations and blushes contain sunscreens, but experts warn that if worn alone, they won't provide the protection your skin needs. A real sunscreen should always be the last step in your morning routine before you start applying makeup.

Apply SPF to your face and allow about five minutes for it to absorb. Any other cosmetics with sunscreen filters will be an added bonus.

Moles, birthmarks and tattoos

Any areas with increased pigmentation require special sun protection. Always cover all birthmarks with an additional layer of protection before going out. And moles must be covered too if you want to get a tan.

Also, keep in mind that the sun's ultraviolet radiation, chlorine, and salt from water can affect the ink used to make tattoos. It can fade during sunbathing. Therefore, be sure to cover the drawings on your body with protective equipment. If you have a lot of tattoos, then you should consider buying special protective clothing with UPF, a special fabric that does not transmit ultraviolet light.

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