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How to properly dry mushrooms: several ways to harvest for the winter

Kateryna YagovychFood
How to dry mushrooms for the winter. Source: grandwesternsteaks.com

The best option for harvesting mushrooms for the winter is drying. The fruits have a very pleasant flavor and retain all their beneficial components. But you need to do this according to certain rules so that the mushrooms do not become bitter.

That's why FoodOboz will tell you about different ways to dry mushrooms. You will be able to choose the most optimal one for yourself.

How to properly dry mushrooms: several ways to harvest for the winter

Which mushrooms can be dried

The following are best suited for drying:

  • honey mushroom
  • birch bolete
  • champignons
  • porcini mushrooms
  • butter mushrooms
  • Saffron Milkcap

Basic rules for drying

How to properly dry mushrooms: several ways to harvest for the winter

1. Clean the mushrooms well with a knife to remove any dirt. It is very important not to use water during this process. Alternatively, wipe with a damp cloth to prevent the mushrooms from absorbing excess moisture.

2. If the mushrooms are large, they need to be cut. Small ones can be dried whole.

How to dry mushrooms on a string

Cut the mushrooms into pieces and thread them on a string. It is very important that each piece is separate and does not touch the other - this will prevent the rotting process. The room where you place the food should be well lit and ventilated. It should be free of excessive moisture and dust. Mushrooms in this state take about 2 days to dry.

How to properly dry mushrooms in the dryer

Since the device is designed specifically for drying food, you can easily cope with the task. Mushrooms need to be cleaned and cut into small slices. Put the mushrooms in one layer on each tier. The most optimal temperature will be 55 degrees (mushrooms are dried for up to 6 hours). This method is perfect if it is already cool outside and there is no sun.

How to dry mushrooms in the oven

If you don't have a special dryer, you definitely have an oven. You can also dry mushrooms in it. But keep in mind that you need to monitor the temperature very carefully so as not to overdry the product. The optimum temperature is 65-75 degrees. For cooking, you will need an iron grill. Put the mushrooms on it in a single layer, put them in the oven and dry them with the door ajar. Turn the grill over every 15-20 minutes. Check the readiness by touch - the mushrooms should be dry.

How to properly dry mushrooms: several ways to harvest for the winter

How to dry mushrooms in the microwave

It is not possible to dry mushrooms perfectly in such a device, but this method has the right to live. Place the sliced mushrooms in a thin layer on a baking sheet or plate that is placed in the microwave. At a temperature of 100-180 watts, the mushrooms should be dried for 20 minutes. Then open the microwave for 15 minutes and repeat the drying process. This should be done 2-3 more times.

When the dried mushrooms are ready

The pieces should be completely dry and reduced in size. They should be quite elastic to the touch. The color of high-quality dried mushrooms should be golden.

How to properly dry mushrooms: several ways to harvest for the winter

How long can dried mushrooms be stored

 

Earlier, OBOZ.UA reported how to properly clean different types of mushrooms

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