It's time to remove stones: experts tell about the treatment and prevention of urolithiasis

Maria ShevchukLife

Urolithiasis, or kidney stones as they are called, is caused by the formation of small solid mineral deposits. They can cause severe pain and discomfort when passing through the urinary tract, and in some cases even require surgery.

More often than not, kidney stones are caused by an excess of certain minerals or substances in the urine that can crystallize and form hard deposits. Some of the most common causes of kidney stones are:

  • Dehydration - not drinking enough water can cause urine to become concentrated, leading to the formation of crystals and stones;
  • Diet - eating foods high in oxalate, such as spinach, chocolate, and nuts, can increase the risk of urolithiasis. A diet high in sodium and animal protein can also trigger this condition;
  • Genetics - a familial predisposition to urolithiasis;
  • Certain medical conditions such as gout, hyperparathyroidism, and urinary tract infections may increase the risk of kidney stones;
  • Certain medications, such as diuretics and calcium-containing antacids, may increase the risk of urolithiasis.

Treatment of urinary tract pathology is carried out comprehensively, with drugs belonging to different pharmacotherapeutic groups. Means of plant origin attract much attention. The main advantages of phytotherapy are the versatility and softness of the effects of medicinal plants on the body, minimal side effects and complications with long-term use, and good tolerability.


Pharmaceutical company "Zdorovye" produces preparations "Fitolit " and "Fitolit forte N". One capsule contains dry extracts of St. John's wort, St. John's wort, horsetail, and Avisan. The dose of active substances in Fitolit forte N doubled, thus reducing the number of capsules per day.

The sum of the active substances avisana (plant ammonium dentifolia) has a relaxing effect on the muscles of the ureter and reduces the tone of the walls of the bladder and gallbladder. Highlander extract increases urine output, and eliminates excess urinary sodium ions, and chlorine, resulting in increased filtration in the renal tubules and decreases back resorption in the tubules. St. John's wort strengthens capillaries and improves blood supply to internal organs. One of the main advantages of horsetail is its diuretic effect, which is used for urolithiasis, nephritis, pyelitis, cystitis, and enuresis, as well as in prostatitis, adenoma, helps to remove sand and stones from the kidney and bladder.

Fitolit reduces the frequency and severity of renal colic and normalizes the physical and chemical parameters of urine. Promotes washout of sand and small concrements, prevents the increase or appearance of new ones. The drug has a positive effect on spermatogenesis in experimental prostatitis.

Fitolit is indicated for the treatment and prophylaxis of urolithiasis (presence of primary and recurrent stones of various sizes and localization in kidney and urinary tracts); in renal calculi; for prevention of urinary calculi formation after their operative removal and/or independent passage; in complex maintenance therapy of chronic pyelonephritis, chronic inflammatory diseases of the lower urinary tract (cystitis, urethritis) and chronic prostatitis.

Urolithiasis can cause significant discomfort and even lead to serious complications if left untreated. In recent years, there is growing interest in the use of herbal remedies and phytopreparations for the treatment of this disease. However, it is important to remember that these remedies should be used under the supervision of a doctor and not rely on them as the only method of treatment. By working closely with the doctor and following a healthy lifestyle, people with urolithiasis can effectively control their symptoms and prevent future stone formation.

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