To the sky: top 5 tallest skyscrapers in the world
The first skyscrapers in the world appeared at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries. The ancestor of modern skyscrapers is the Home Insurance Building in Chicago. It had only 10 floors. However, at the time, the building was impressive in scale. Nowadays, no one is surprised by such parameters.
Nevertheless, new giants have grown up in the world and we will talk about them.
Burj Khalifa, UAE
In early 2010, an incredible 828-meter-high structure was born in the United Arab Emirates. However, the project was not designed to break a few records. In fact, it was conceived to further attract visitors and present the city as the best travel destination. After all, tourism is the main contributor to the Emirates' economy, with only 6% coming from the oil industry.
Undoubtedly, the architects managed to draw attention to their creation. They did a great job. They worked hard not only on the appearance of the skyscraper but also took the manufacturing of all the details seriously.
For example, they implemented a condensate collection system. The building accumulates the lion's share of water, which is used to supply fountains, water plants, and operate cooling systems. Thanks to the latest technology, about 40 million liters of liquid are collected annually. This is extremely important in a desert climate.
The skyscraper has a hotel, observation decks, office space and even residential apartments. At night, it is illuminated by thousands of lights, which adds to its charm.
Tokyo Sky Tree, Tokyo, Japan
The Tokyo Sky Tree is the second largest among the world's giants. Its height with the spire is 634 meters. Interestingly, innovations allowed for a tower with more floors. Moreover, it was built two years later than the Dubai one. Thus, it was definitely possible to break the record but the Japanese chose a symbolic number for themselves. The numbers "six," "three," and "four" are pronounced "Musashi" together. This is how the Japanese capital was called in ancient times.
The primary task of the building is to transmit digital and mobile signals, as well as all navigation systems. There is an observation deck in the middle, as expected. There is a shopping and entertainment center below where you can have fun. There is fun for all ages.
The skyscraper was built using advanced technologies. The designers paid great attention to earthquake resistance because the people of Japan often experience earthquakes. Therefore, the architects developed special vibration absorbers for this giant. The Tokyo tree is not afraid of earthquakes of low and even medium amplitude.
Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China
This building is only 2 meters lower than the previous one but that doesn't stop it from breaking world records. Firstly, it is the most environmentally friendly, and secondly, the most expensive skyscraper on the entire Earth. Just imagine: its budget exceeded $2.5 billion. For example, it took half as much to build the Burj Khalifa.
The building is not only beautiful but also benefits the Chinese. It generates its own energy, has its own extensive infrastructure, and even has a transportation hub.
The tower's observation deck is located at an altitude of 561.3 meters. You can get there in a matter of seconds. The architects took care of visitors and commissioned Mitsubishi to design the fastest elevator on the planet.
Abraj Al Beit, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
This beauty is not the tallest building in the world but it is the largest by weight. Moreover, it does not stand alone among other buildings but has slightly lower "brothers and sisters". It is a complex of skyscrapers that includes the Royal Clock Tower, Hajar, Zamzam, Maqam, Qibla and Safa.
The modern architectural ensemble is the same age as the Tokyo Sky Tree. Its construction was completed in 2012. Like the other giants, it can boast of its achievements. For example, its clock is a real giant. You won't find anything like it anywhere else on Earth.
There is a shopping arcade, a parking lot, conference rooms, two helipads and luxury apartments in the middle of Abraj Al Beit. By the way, the complex itself was built near the main shrine of Islam, the Masjid al-Haram.
Ping'an International Financial Center, Guangdong, China
Another Chinese skyscraper that entered the top of the tallest buildings in the world. It was planned to surpass the Shanghai Tower and Tokyo Sky Tree. However, in the end, it had to be reduced. The designers removed the spire because it turned out that it would interfere with aviation. The height of the building was reduced by 60 meters, from 660 to 600.
The Chinese approached the construction with full responsibility. In 2013, they even stopped the work when it was discovered that low-quality concrete could have been used in the process. Therefore, they had to slow down the construction of the skyscraper and test material samples. It was only after many examinations that foremen and their subordinates were allowed to work on the unfinished beauty.
You have to see these buildings with your own eyes. Thus, visit them if possible.