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Is it better to choose a variety or a hybrid for the garden: what experts say

Alina MilsentLife
Plants in the bed

A variety or a hybrid is an eternal question for gardeners and vegetable growers. The choice of crop depends on the type of soil, weather conditions, and crop rotation. Population varieties and hybrids have specific growing requirements.

Gardeners say that hybrids grow and develop faster, so they can be sown later. Experts told us when it is better to plant varietal plants and when to plant hybrid plants.

Varietal plants

Varietal crops are bred after many years of selection and propagation of the most productive and resistant plants. They retain their properties for the next several generations. However, it is important to ensure that varietal crops do not cross-pollinate with plants of other varieties. Otherwise, there is a risk of deterioration.

Hybrids

Hybrids are obtained by crossing different varieties. The first generation of hybrids is labeled F1. Gardeners say that these crops can produce a more generous harvest and are not as susceptible to various diseases as varietal plants. However, it is worth noting that these properties are typical only for the first generation of hybrids. The F2 generation does not repeat the original qualities of the F1 hybrid, and after a few generations, the plants completely degenerate.

In arid conditions and on light soils, hybrids are characterized by vitality and reliable yields. The root system of hybrid crops is better developed, so they absorb water and nutrients more quickly and efficiently.

Advantages of varietal plants

  • Withstand early sowing well.
  • Develop more slowly in the fall.
  • Have a high yield potential.
  • No need to use growth and development regulators.
  • Greater choice of varieties.

Advantages of hybrids

  • Slightly higher yield potential.
  • Lesser susceptibility to disease and greater regenerative potential.
  • Less vulnerable to temperature changes and lack of moisture.
  • Faster start of vegetation and better developed root system.

Experts note that hybrids will grow better in arid regions, and in general, they have higher winter hardiness. However, the seed should be renewed annually, and the repeated cultivation of hybrids will not be effective.

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