How to propagate orchids at home for rapid growth: the simplest methods

Alina MilsentLife
How to propagate an orchid

An orchid is a beautiful but very whimsical flower. It reacts quickly to the slightest changes in temperature, humidity, and light. It should not be placed in drafty places or on windowsills that are too sunny.

With proper care, the plant produces an average of 3 new shoots every 2 years. Learn how to propagate an orchid at home for rapid growth in the OBOZREVATEL article.

Method 1

Experts identify several ways to propagate orchids. It's important to choose one based on the variety and age of the plant.

For sympodial orchids, the method of dividing the bush is suitable. These plants grow in small groups and form so-called "pseudobulbs". When the orchids get too big and stop blooming, they are divided into parts and repotted.

  1. Carefully remove the orchid from the container in which it is growing.
  2. Loosen and clean the root system from the substrate.
  3. Cut the bush into several parts, each of which should have "pseudobulbs" and healthy roots.
  4. Plant each part in separate containers with new high-quality substrate.

Method 2

Monopodial orchids are propagated by cuttings. This variety has a single stem and does not form pseudobulbs. Cuttings are taken from the top of the stem or side shoots.

  1. Cut off the top of a stem or side shoot with several leaves.
  2. Place the cutting in water or a moist substrate.
  3. Wait for the plant to take root.
  4. Take a pot with fresh substrate and repot the cutting.

Method 3

Orchids can also be propagated using "babies". "Children" are small sprouts that grow on the stem or pseudobulb (depending on the variety) of the mother orchid. These offshoots have their own leaves and root system, so they can develop into full-fledged plants over time.

  1. The children should become stronger and form several roots about 5 cm long.
  2. Carefully separate the shoot from the mother plant.
  3. Plant it in a separate container with a new substrate.

Method 4

The seed method is considered the most difficult and time-consuming. Orchid seeds are very small and do not contain the nutrients that the plant needs for development, so they do not germinate. For germination, a special symbiotic mycelium is needed to nourish the seeds.

Wild varieties of orchids growing in nature can reproduce by seed on their own. However, with decorative indoor plants, you will have to endure. The seed method requires a sterile growing medium, constant control of temperature, humidity, and lighting.

By the way, plastic containers are best suited for orchids - they will provide the plant with enough light and good drainage, and air will freely get to the roots.

Earlier, OBOZREVATEL told you that you need to check the orchid for pests. Experts also recommend using fertilizers: orange, milk, or lemon.

OBOZREVATEL also figured out which plants should not be placed next to an orchid.

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