Gerhard Schroeder was born on April 7, 1944.
In 1980 he was first elected as a deputy to the Bundestag.
In 1986 he became the head of the SPD faction in the state assembly of Lower Saxony.
Since 1989 he has been a member of the SPD Presidium.
In 1990 he was elected Prime Minister of Lower Saxony.
In 1994 he was the SPD candidate for the post of Foreign Minister, but the party lost the election.
In October 1998, after 16 years in opposition, the coalition of Social Democrats and Greens led by Schroeder came to power.
In October 2002, Schroeder was almost defeated in the elections.
In 2004, a large number of left-wing members left the SPD. Schroeder resigned as head of the SPD.
In 2005, Schroeder, together with former communists of the GDR, formed the Left Party.
In September 2017, Schroeder was unanimously elected Chairman of the Board of Directors of Rosneft at an extraordinary general meeting of shareholders of Rosneft.